英文这么写,会冒犯女性的喂!

 作者:全力少年  来源:沪江英语  阅读:4041  评论:0

今天,小编为大家带来英文中有关性别的使用方法,毕竟,男女平等,如果因为不懂得性别的正确用法而得罪女性朋友可就不好了呢!

误区一:以"he/his"概全。

错的看似简单,但一不小心可能成为冒犯女性的有力证据,光有"he",没有"she",凭什么?!

1、指代一个人的时候

错误案例1:If a student studies hard, he will succeed.
正确用法:需"he","she"兼备,有时需考虑其顺序。
a、If a student studies hard, he or she will succeed.
b、If a student studies hard, she or he will succeed.

错误案例2:The average student is worried about his grades.
正确用法:避免出现"he",能省代词则省之。
The average student is worried about grades.

错误案例3:Give the student his grade right away.
正确用法:以复数形式替代单数形式。
Give the students their grades right away.

错误案例4:As a teacher, he faces excessive paperwork daily.
正确用法:用第一第二人称口吻替代第三人称
As teachers, we face excessive paperwork daily.

错误案例5:He might wonder what his response should be.
正确用法:用one/one's替代,但需谨慎,可能会改变文章调性。
One might wonder what one's response should be. 

错误案例6:Each student should hand in his paper promptly.
正确用法:用被动语态替换,这招虽饱受争议,但小用一下,也是可以哒!
Papers should be handed in promptly. 

错误案例7:Listen to the two-year-old as he uses his short, simple sentences to communicate.
正确用法:用分词短语替代
Listen to the two-year-old using short, simple sentences to communicate.

误区二:使用与"man"相关的词汇

这也是可能使女性认为遭到歧视的关键一点,只有"man“,没有"woman”,不公平!

错误词汇1:成就、业绩、价值相关,这些词汇强调"man",可能使女性觉得自身价值缺失。
mankind;man’s achievements;the best man for the job;
man the ticket booth。
还有man-made;freshman;alumni。

正确词汇1:尽量使用概括性的成就&价值词汇
humanity, human beings, people;human achievements;the best person for the job;
staff the ticket booth.
还有artificial materials/ synthetic materials; First-year student;alumnae(the feminine plural) 

错误词汇2:职业相关词汇,同样强调"man"和"woman",赶脚隐隐的不平等性。
chairman/chairwomen;
businessman/businesswoman;
congressman/congress woman;
policeman/policewoman;
salesman/saleswoman;
fireman;
mailman

正确词汇2:尽量使用概括性的职业词汇
chair, coordinator, moderator, presiding officer, head, chairperson;
business executive, manager, businessperson;
congressional representative;
police officer;
salesperson, sales clerk, sales representative;
firefighter;
postal worker, letter carrier

误区三 使用强调女性头衔&标签的词汇

如果过于强调女性身份&头衔,并冠之以标签,女性可能产生不满,说好的平等,一视同仁呢!

错误词汇:"ess","female","woman","lady"等前缀过于强调女性,不能体现平等感
stewardess,authoress,poetess,female nurse,lady lawyer,woman doctor 
正确词汇:去掉强调女性意味的前缀
flight attendant, steward;author,poet,nurse,lawyer,doctor

声明:本文章系沪江英语原创内容,转载请注明出处。

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2016-03-08 : 全力少年
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